A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that occurs as the result of a fall, motor vehicle accident, or any other activity that results in an impact to the head or body. Due to the implementation of the Concussion Management and Awareness Act in New York State, schools must now follow the Commissioner of Education’s rules and regulations pertaining to students who sustain a concussion at school or at any district-sponsored event or related activity. According to the New York State Department of Education’s “Guidelines for Concussion Management in the School Setting,” these protocols for return to school and certain school activities apply to all public school students who have sustained a concussion regardless of where the concussion occurred. This law requires that students who sustained, or are suspected to have sustained, a concussion during athletic activities are to be immediately removed from such activities. Students may not return to athletic activities until they have been symptom-free for a minimum of 24 hours and have been evaluated by, and receive written and signed authorization to return to activities from a licensed physician.